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Nickel Plate Trail
Howard, Miami, Fulton
06 - 2015
After the one and half mile extension nortward inside Rochester, which offers a confortable parking at the new trailhead at Wabash Avenue, the Nickel Plate now goes from Cassville, soutward about two miles to Kokomo. With this new addition is possible to ride continuosly about 40 miles from Kokomo to Rochester
With 12.8 miles of the trail currently paved from the southwest side of Peru southward to the northside of Kokomo (Cassville) and with another 20 miles asphalted from the northside of Peru northward to the southside of Rochester, the Nickel Plate Trail is ideal for walking, hiking, running, bicycling, skating, or even cross country skiing. Overall it is comfortably wide, smooth, and maintains an almost unnoticeable grade. Paved in some areas, there is a good mixture of open and shaded trail.
The trail follows what was once the Nickel Plate Railroad, running alongside and in places crossing over, Little Pipe Creek. The landscape surrounding the trail not only looks beautiful, but has the unmistakable fresh smell of the Indiana countryside. No matter how many times you visit the trail, there is always something new for you to find.
As you explore the woodlands and wetlands you can see a wide variety of plant and animal life. Of interest is Scout Bridge, which crosses Little Pipe Creek, and an old dam with some historical interest, both of which are just south of the Peru trailhead. South of Bunker Hill and to the east of the trail are some of the remains of the Union Traction railway, the electric interurban line that was dismantled around 1940.
Well cared for, the Nickel Plate Trail is one of the nicest-looking trails in the midwest. The amazing sights, sounds and scents the trail provides make it much more than just a great place to visit. It's an experience.
Nickel Plate History
1.Peru & Indianapolis railroad 1853-1864
(Operated by Madison & Indianapolis RR until 1856).
a. charted Jan 19, 1846
b. financed almost entirely by local tax money
c. construction of railroad begun 1849
d. fully completed to Peru 1854
e. Peru&Indy line suffered financially and reorganized as Peru, Indianapolis & Chicagorailroad in 1864 by Francis Cutting, Volney Malott, David Macy (for whom the town of Macy was named) and other bond holders.
d. Reorganized March 11, 1864 as I. P. & C
2. I.P.&C (Indianapolis Peru,& Chicago) railroad 1864-1881
a. I.P.&C descendent of Peru & Indy line
b. Train service began in Rochester, IN 1869
c. I.P.&C leased the line to Wabash, St. Louis& Pacific in 1881. The contract ended in 1887 due to the collapse of Wabash, St. Louis& Pacific. The road sold in 1887 to Lake Erie and Western.
3. Lake Erie & Western 1887-1923
(Established August 4th, 1879)
a. nicknamed “Leave Early and Walk”
4. New York, Chicago &St Louis (Nickel Plate Road) 1923-1964
(Operated by C&O 1933-1942)
a. operated from 1923-1964 in this area
b. Nickel Plate took over the lines operated by Lake Erie and Western and would continue service until it merged with Norfolk & Western on October 16th 1964.
c. How did this railroad get the nickname Nickel Plate?
d. ANSWER! “during March 1881, at the height of the Bellevue-Norwalk competition, the Norwalk Chronicle several times referred to the road as ‘”the great New York and St. Louis double-track nickel plated railroad.’”Before a rail had been laid the company adopted the nickname.” From that time on the New York, Chicago, and St. Louiswould forever be known as the Nickel Plate Road.
5. Norfolk & Western 1964-1982
Preface: William Mahone gained notoriety during Civil War for his unorthodox tactics on battlefield.
He became president of three different railroads at the same time. One railroad was the Atlantic, Mississippi, and Ohio (AM&O). His detractors nicknamed it “all mine and Otelia, Otelia his wife. In 1881 AM&O went up for auction and renamed Norfolk and Western.
In 1964 Norfolk and Western bought out the Nickel Plate and the Wabash RRs.
In 1982 the Norfolk and Western railway merged with the Southern railroad to form the Norfolk Southern Railroad.
6. Norfolk & Southern railroad 1982-present
a. operates through Peru and Plymouth because the Norfolk Southern runs through Peru on the former Wabash line and runs through Plymouth on the former Nickel Plate main line.
b. due to the creation of by pass 31, lack of money and goods from smaller towns, and money to maintain a line that wasn’t getting much use the track was pulled up in the late 1990s.
7. Nickel Plate Trail
a. In 1994 Norfolk Southern submitted the line to the Interstate Commerce Commission to be withdrawn from federal regulation.
b. The Indiana Trails Fund began negotiations to preserve the line for a trail, in 1994.
c. In 1996 the Interstate Commerce Commission became the Surface Transportation Board.
d. In early 1999 ITF acquired the line, preserving Interstate Commerce authority over the corridor from Cassville to Peru, and from Peru to Rochester.
e. In 2002 Nickel Plate Trail, Inc. organized to manage, entrail, and own the corridor.
f. In 2009 STB approved transfer a federal authority from ITF to NPT. NPT paved 12 of the 14 miles from Peru to Cassville
g. In 2010 NPT completed surfacing from Rochester-Peru, IN.
Note, Quote taken from Nickel Plate Story by John Rehor page 19 dated 1965.
“General Mahone, after several years of strenuously effort, got the Virginia General Assembly to pass and act on June 17 1870 for merging and consolidating the Norfolk and Petersburg railroad company, the south side railroad company, and the Virginia and Tennessee railroad company into a single line, and forming it into the Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio railroad. The merging of these three roads, giving a through line from the Seaboard at Norfolk to Bristol, …”
From History of Tazewell County and Southwest Virginia